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ITF Taekwondo Pattern & Form Meanings

This page teaches you the meaning and definitions for various ITF Taekwondo patterns & forms. Many ITF schools will test you on the meaning of each pattern, tul or form... so you had better study the definitions below! :) We have also added some Wikipedia links with further information regarding the famous Korean people that these forms/patterns were named after (so you can surprise your instructors with your vast knowledge of Korean history).

To watch videos of these ITF forms, please visit our main ITF Patterns & Forms page.

 ITF Pattern Meanings

  • Chon-Ji (or Cheon-Ji) - Named after "Heaven & Earth". In Asia, this means in the beginning of the world or in the beginning of recorded history... and thus the Chon-Ji pattern is the beginning pattern learned. This ITF pattern & form has 19 movements.
  • Dan-Gun - Named after Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea (in 2,333 BC). For more on Dan-Gun (the founder - not the pattern), please read this Wikipedia article. This ITF pattern & form has 21 movements.
  • Do-San - Named after the alias for the Korean patriot, Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). For more on Ahn Chang-Ho, please read this Wikipedia article. This ITF pattern & form has 24 movements.
  • Won-Hyo - Named after Won-Hyo, a monk who introduced Buddhism to Korea (Silla Dynasty) in 686 AD. For more on Won-Hyo, please read this Wikipedia article. This ITF pattern & form has 28 movements.
  • Yul-Gok - Named after the pseudonym for the philosopher, Yi I, who has been nicknamed the Confucius of Korea (1536-1584 AD). For more on Yi I, please read this Wikipedia article. This ITF pattern & form has 38 movements.
  • Joong-Gun (or Jung-Geun) - Named after Ahn Joong-Gun, a Korean patriot who assassinated the first Japanese governor-general of Korea (Hiro Bumi Ito). For more on Ahn Joong-Gun, please read this Wikipedia article. This ITF pattern & form has 32 movements.
  • Toi-Gye - Named after the pseudonym for a famous neo-Confucius scholar, Yi Hwang. For more on Yi Hwang, please visit this Wikipedia page. This ITF pattern & form has 37 movements.
  • Hwa-Rang - Named after the Hwa-Rang Youth Group, an elite youth group during the Silla Dynasty. For more on the Hwa-Rang Youth Group, please read this Wikipedia article. This ITF pattern & form has 29 movements.
  • Choong-Moo (or Chung-Mu) - Named after the posthumous title for the famous Korean admiral Yi Sun-sin of the Yi Dynasty. He is also famous for the Korean turtle ship. For more on Yi Sun-sin, please read this Wikipedia article. This ITF pattern & form has 30 movements.
  • Kwang-Gae (or Gwang-Gae) - Named after Kwang-Gae Toh-Wang (also known as Gwanggaeto), a famous king from the Goguryeo Dynasty who conquered much of northern Asia in the late 300s and early 400s AD. For more on this king, please read this Wikipedia article. This ITF pattern & form has 39 movements.
  • Po Eun - Named after the pseudonym for a famous neo-Confucius scholar, Jeong Mongju, who lived in the Goryeo Dynasty. For more on Jeong Mongju, please read this Wikipedia article. This ITF pattern & form has 36 movements.
  • Gae-Baek (or Gye-Baek) - Named after Gae-Baek, a famous general from the Baek Je Dynasty (660 AD). For more on this general, please read this Wikipedia article. This ITF pattern & form has 44 movements.
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